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Homeownership
The Truth In Lending
Home Loans Interest Rates
Interest Impacts a Home Loan
Financing Interest
Adjustable Rate Mortgage Interest Terms
Home Financing
Mortgage Interest Terms
Accelerating The Quest for a Low Interest Rate
 

Adjustable Rate Mortgage Interest Terms

Interest rate caps are the interest rate caps that are available on the majority of most adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) loans. Interest caps can cushion excessive adjustments in the interest rate and subsequently the monthly payment.

There are two forms of interest rate caps: periodic and overall or lifetime. With a periodic cap, it sets a limit to the interest rate. The interest rate can increase for each adjustment period. Prevalently, the periodic cap is set at two percent. For example, if on the first adjustment on the index increases by three percent, the consumer only pays two percent on the periodic cap and the rate will increase by two percent. Alternatively, if during the second year of the loan, the index rate remains the same, the adjustment is due for a second time. It will inflate by one percent as a result it will increase by one percent or equivalent to the current rates, even if the index was static over the past year.

On the other side of the adjustable rate mortgages, the second type of cap is a lifetime or an overall cap. The cap assesses a maximum for the interest rate over the term of the loan. For instance, it the interest rate was set at seven six percent and the overall cap is set at four percent, the maximum interest rate would then be ten percent. Even if the index rate climbs to 14 percent, the homeowner will never pay more than ten percent on the loan. Conversely, a four percent change in interest rates can incur a substantial effect on the mortgage loan payment.

With certain ARM loans, payment caps are utilized. Opposed to limiting the interest rate, it sets a maximum to the payments and how they increase in each adjustment period. In general, payment caps are based on percentages. If the payment cap is five percent and the home payment is $1,000, the maximum mortgage payment could increase is $1,050 for the initial adjustment period. For the second adjustment, it can increase an additional five percent to $1,102.50. The negative aspect of the payment cap is that the interest rate does not modify. The result of the payment cap can increase at a rate faster than the payment, therefore, leading to negative amortization.

Negative amortization occurs when the monthly payment does not cover the interest of the loan. When negative amortization occurs, the unpaid interest is added to the principal portion of the loan and accrues interest all over again. In short, this means that the mortgage owner will owe more on the loan than the original amount borrowed.